If you can exactly name your emotional state, that negative feeling doesn´t have a so big impact in your mind.
That´s why talking about your feelings is so important. The SDG*Chart of emotions has been created to make naming emotions easier.
There are several long listings found on the net about this item:
If you are looking for synonyms for emotion words in order to enrich your vocabulary, thesaurus.com may help you.
Here´s some easy emotion games for children :